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Tuesday, August 19, 2014

Why you should eat more red, green and yellow peppers

 peppers
The most commonly used alternative name of the plant family, "chile", is of Mexican origin, from the Nahuatl word chilli or xilli. Bell peppers are botanically fruits, but are generally considered in culinary contexts to be vegetables.


Health Benefits of Bell Peppers



  • Bell peppers are low in calories! So, even if you eat one full cup of them,
    you get just about 45 calories. Bonus: that one cup will give you more
    than your daily quota of Vitamin A and C!
  • They  contain plenty of vitamin C, which powers up your immune system and
    keeps skin youthful.  The highest amount of Vitamin C in a bell pepper
    is concentrated in the red variety.
  • Bell peppers are low in calories! So, even if you eat one full cup of them,
    you get just about 45 calories. Bonus: that one cup will give you more
    than your daily quota of Vitamin A and C!

  • They contain plenty of vitamin C, which powers up your immune system and keeps skin youthful.  The highest amount of Vitamin C in a bell pepper is concentrated in the red  variety.
  • Red   bell peppers contain several phytochemicals and carotenoids,
    particularly beta-carotene, which lavish you with antioxidant and
    anti-inflammatory benefits.
  • The  capsaicin in bell peppers has multiple health benefits. Studies show that it reduces ‘bad’ cholesterol, controls diabetes, brings relief from pain and eases inflammation.
  • If  cooked for a short period on low heat, bell peppers retain most of their sweet, almost fruity flavor and flavonoid content, which is a powerful nutrient.
  • The sulfur content in bell peppers makes them play a protective role in certain types of cancers.
  • The bell pepper is a good source of Vitamin E, which is known to play a key role in keeping skin and hair looking youthful.
  • Bell peppers also contain vitamin B6, which is essential for the health of the nervous system and helps renew cells.
  • Certain enzymes in bell peppers, such as lutein, protect the eyes from cataracts and macular degeneration later in life.

Difference between green, yellow and red Peppers


From a scientific standpoint, bell peppers all come from the same genus and species of plant, called Capsicum annuum. Some of the color differences in bell peppers originate in the cultivars used to grow them. (Cultivars are special varieties of a plant that growers select for desired characteristics. They still come from a single seed source, however—in this case, Capsicum annuum.)

Most of the differences in bell pepper color stem from it's degree of ripening. Green peppers are bell peppers that have been harvested before being allowed to fully ripen. While green bell peppers usually turn yellow-orange and then red this is not always the case. Red, orange, and yellow bell peppers are always more ripe than green ones and therefore require more time in the ground before they can be harvested; that's why they are more expensive. Bottom line: all of the bell peppers originate from the same species of plant, and they achieve their different colors naturally, not by any artificial means.

It's interesting to note that in addition to their unique colors, each differently hued bell pepper has a unique array of nutritional benefits. Green peppers feature an abundance of chlorophyll. Yellow peppers have more of the lutein and zeaxanthin carotenoids. Orange peppers have more alpha-, beta-, and gamma-carotene. Red peppers have more lycopene and astaxanthin, two other important carotenoids.

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